Burel is an artisanal Portuguese fabric made entirely from wool and comes from the mountain regions of Portugal. After being carded, the wool is transformed into a mesh. The mesh is then twisted in the spinning process and turned into thread. The thread is then woven into a fabric, which is then transformed into bunting at the loom. The bunting is then submitted to a pounding process and other processes, until it is finally transformed into burel. Burel is a very resistant and versatile fabric that has evolved from being used for capes and coats for rainy, snowy or cold days up in the mountains, to now being incorporated in new ideas and design solutions, accompanied by a vast range of textures, patterns, and colours.
PROPERTIES AND CHARACTERISTICS
- 100% wool
- Fire resistance
- Temperature and acoustic resistance
Burel is easily maintained. The fibre structure repels dirt and allows for fast cleaning and drying after accidental spilling. Carpets can be kept clean and as new simply by regular vacuum cleaning.
It is possible to machine wash burel fabrics using the wool program at a recommended temperature of 40°C.
For ironing, steam ironing is recommended using the wool setting.
Burel´s approximate elemental composition:
- Carbon (C) – 50%
- Hydrogen (H) – 7%
- Oxygen (O) – 21%
- Nitrogen (N) – 17%
- Sulfur (S) – 5%
Wool fibres contain keratin, a sulphur-rich protein. Sulphur is only found in this type of fibre.